If you think that your dog may have ingested a potentially poisonous substance, call the National Animal Poison Control Center (NAPCC) (888) 426-4435; 24 hours a day, 365 days a year. ($60 consultation fee); click here for more information. NAPCC phones are answered by licensed veterinarians and board-certified veterinary toxicologists. Staff have a wide range of information specific to animal poisoning, augmented by an extensive collection of thousands of individual cases involving pesticide, drug, plant, metal, and other exposures in companion animals. This specialized information means that experienced NAPCC staff can make specific recommendations for animals, rather than generalized poison information provided through a human poison control center.
The ESSENTIAL DOG POISONING FIRST AID KIT •Fresh bottle of hydrogen peroxide: 3% USP (preferred) or Syrup of Ipecac (to induce vomiting) • Turkey baster or bulb syringe (to administer peroxide) • Activated charcoal substance (see, below) • Saline eye solution • Artificial tear gel (to lubricate eyes after flushing) • Mild grease-cutting dishwashing liquid (to bathe irritated skin) • Tweezers/ forceps (to remove stingers) • Muzzle (to protect against “fear” or excitement-induced biting) • Can of your dog’s favorite wet food • Pet carrier (provides security/prevents injury during transport).
BEING PREPARED FOR AN EMERGENCY
FIRST MEANS BEING AWARE OF WHAT RISKS ARE IN YOUR DOG'S EVERYDAY ENVIRONMENT.
To evaluate this risk of poisoning in dogs, relate it to poisoning in human children: poisons accessible for a toddler to ingest, are also at hand to poison your dog. Both are attracted to many of the same things: a dog that walks through spilled antifreeze might lick its paws afterwards, much as a child might put his fingers in his mouth after playing in an interesting-looking puddle of yellow goo in the driveway.
“NATURAL POISIONS”ARE DEFINED AS THOSE THAT MAY BE ORDINARILY
LAYING AROUND THE HOUSE:
MINTS, and GUM
SNAIL andSLUG BAIT
HAM or TURKEY SKIN
Billie: the eyes of a courser...
COFFEE or any form of
MACADAMIA NUTS, WALNUTS
COCOA BEAN MULCH
PET INSECTICIDES and
IBUPROFEN (Advil, Motrin),
POTATOES or potatoe sprouts 
FRUIT SEEDSand PIPS
HOUSE and LANDSCAPE PLANTS
(of ANY type)
Pore system of activated charcoal
ACTIVATED CHARCOAL is often part of toxicity treatment protocols, as it absorbs unwanted toxins that have been ingested.It is a form of carbon that has been "activated" by exposing it to an oxidizing gas compound of steam, oxygen, and acids at high temperature: the carbon matrix becomes permeated with a network of microscopic pores, increasing its surface area. This change dramatically increases its capacity for absorption.The potential for activated charcoal to attract other substances in this way, rendering then unavailable for transfer across the gut-blood barrier (absorbed into the bloodstream), is the reason for its clinical use as an emergency treatment for poisoning. It must be given soon after the ingestion of the toxin/poison. It is not an antidote (also cannot resolve certain types of toxins such as alcohol, ethanol, or methanol), and other supportive care and medications may be needed for the treatment of the poisoning.Check with your Veterinarian for advice first.
Activated charcoal will be available in powder, granules, liquid, or suspension forms; (veterinary procured brands include: CharcoAid®, Liqui-Char-Vet Aqueous Suspension®, Toxiban® ).Dosage will adjust accordingly; (generally, for poisoning, it is dosed orally at 1 to 4 gm/kg using granules or 6 to 12 ml/kg of the suspension; or powder as 1 g per 5 ML of water; thus 10 ML of the resulting slurryby mouth).It is wise to keep a suitable measuring spoon and container right in your emergency kit.You should not attempt to dose a dog that is notfully conscious, as aspiration (vomiting) can result that the dog will not be able to clear. Side effects can include constipation or diarrhea; stool will appear black afterwards.
Beemer: beckons to a low-flying kite
ENDNOTES:  CHOCOLATE:contains large amounts of methylxanthines, (methyl-alcohol stimulants); specifically, theobromine (from the cocoa bean plant), a poison that affects the central nervous system and heart, manifesting in the form of epileptic seizures.Most toxic: baker’s chocolate (with 450mg/oz. of theobromine), as little as 0.1 oz/lb. of body weight can be fatal; however, milk chocolate (45-60mg/oz. of theobromine), and even chocolate cookies or cake/ice cream in excess can be deadly.
•Symptoms: vomiting, diarrhea, panting, excessive thirst, urination, restlessness and hyperactivity, can progress after several hours to: arrhythmia (abnormal heart rhythm), muscle twitching, tremors and seizures; hyperthermia, and which can escalate to coma— death follows shortly.Frequent urination is a direct side affect of the toxin in chocolate.
How is Chocolate Poisoning Treated? Simple advance preparation is helpful; your emergency kit should include a measuring spoon and cup so that treatment can begin with relative calmness and without delay. Basic protocol is administration of fresh 3% hydrogen peroxide to water solution: (1-2 teaspoons for a small dog, 3-4 tablespoons for a larger dog), orally every 10-15 minutes until vomiting is induced.Then, administration of activated charcoal (see, discussion immediately above) mixed with water into a "slurry" (or according to the type of activated charcoal you have procured from your vet or pharmacy); seek veterinary attention immediately prior and subsequent to this procedure.
Snoopy: faraway thoughts...
ANTIFREEZE:so poisonous that only a few licks can lead to death in just hours.The toxic ingredient ethylene glycol(also found in brake and hydraulic fluids and rust inhibitors) makes up 95% of the product.Dogs (any small animals) are attracted to sweet smell and palatable taste and will lap it up unknowing of the danger. Lethal doses for a medium sized dog breed are less than 2 oz.Ethylene glycol is rapidly absorbed and metabolized, with an immediate and a long-term affect on the body: peak blood levels occur within 3 hours of ingestion, quickly leading to organ failure.
•Symptoms: within 30 minutes, the dog becomes ataxic (loss of muscle coordination) or drunken in appearance; this phase continues for up to 6 hours.
It is critical to immediately seek veterinary attention.When this dazed/unsteady behavior subsides the guardian often mistakenly believes the problem is over, however, the ethylene glycol then enters the liver and kidneys where it is oxidized (glycoaldehyde to: glyoxcylic acid, formic acid, & oxalate) that acidify the blood and destroy renal tubular cells in the kidneys, resulting in uremia (acute kidney failure) and damage to the central nervous system.The dog may appear recovered; but 12 hours later as the ethelyne glycol is metabolized by the liver and kidneys s/he drinks and urinates excessively, is sensitive to touch, seems depressed and “wobbly.”There is no treatment that will reverse this damage: typically fatal within days.
Charlie: dry? ...an impossible challenge!
 ONIONS & CHIVES: (raw/cooked/powder) contain a toxic ingredient thiosulphate (sulfur compound used to set dyes in textiles) and N-propyl disulfide; with poisoning occurring in the form of hemolytic anemia (red blood cells burst open throughout the blood stream).
•Symptoms: nausea, gastroenteritis causing vomiting and diarrhea; heart arrhythmia, damage to red blood cells (shows as red pigment staining the urine).
 GARLIC: (raw/cooked/powder) contain thiosulphate, (see: onions), causing nausea, gastroenteritis, anemia, heart arrhythmia, and damage of red blood cells.
•Symptoms: diarrhea, vomiting, weakness or lethargic behavior; (garlic, however, is useful in small amounts as a natural flea repellant; use in strict moderation/under supervision).
 GRAPES & RASINS: (specific toxic substance is unknown); poisoning progresses to acute renal (kidney) failure (in dogs with compromised heath or immune systems, signs are more dramatic), which leads to death.
•Symptoms: first signs of poisoning occur with a few hours of ingestion, vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain; lethargy and subdued attitude. As the toxins affect the kidneys, less urine is produced, and death follows shortly: seek veterinary advice immediately.
Jeep: the furrowed brow of concentration
 XYLITOL:used as anartificial sweetener across a broad range of confectionaries, including“sugarless” gum, candy, breath mints, baked goods; & toothpaste.Causes sudden insulin release which leads to hypoglycemia (drop in blood sugar levels: the body is thrown into shock, as blood sugar levels can drop 50 points in only 30 minutes); coagulopathy (failure to clot), hyperacute liver failure, and hepatic encephalopathy (confusion, stupor and coma). Elevated liver enzymes
and hyperacute liver failure can take only a few days
to become fatal. •Symptoms: Initial signs of toxicosis include vomiting, lethargy, pale gums and loss of coordination. Signs can progress to recumbancy (insistence on lying down), arrythmia (desultory heart rate), seizures, and unconsciousness. Since treatment involves not only induced vomiting and dosing of charcoal, but also a dextrose intravenous drip (to raise the dog's blood sugar level) and injection of intravenous fluids or subcutaneous fluid injections, immediate veterinary attention is necessary.
Lucy: which play group to join?
 BROCCOLI: contains isothiocyanate, a powerful and painful gastrointestinal irritant. In small amounts (less than 5% of total diet) is nutritional as the bioflavanoids help prevent cancer.
 RAW SALMON: consumption of raw fish (or garbage with) can be fatal; fish that swim upstream to breed may consume the Nanophyetus salmincola parasite, which are infected with the neorickettsia helminthoeca organism.
•Symptoms: show within 6 days, vomiting, appetite loss, fever, bloody diarrhea, weakness, swollen lymph nodes, dehydration. Immediate veterinary attention is essential as death can follow.
 SNAIL & SLUG BAIT or POISON: contains arsenic and metaldehyde(also found in ant poison, insecticides, and weed killers) ingested when dogs lick or eat grass, (or rummage where insecticides are stored).
•Symptoms: drooling and thirst, diarrhea, vomiting, and confusion. Death comes swiftly:
seek immediate veterinary attention.
 MUSHROOMS: may contain phalloides (the “death cap” fungus).
•Symptoms: mild vomiting, diarrhea, leading to severe digestive disorders, neurological disorders and liver failure; seek immediate veterinary attention.
 HAM or TURKEY SKIN: both are too high in fat, cannot be digested and can lead to to acute and chronic pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas; which can be extremely painful) in dogs; severity can result in need for life-long medication and can be life threatening. Ham or fat trimmings from meat should never be given to dogs; (veterinarians see spikes in pancreatitis immedately following Easter and Christmas).
•Symptoms: vomiting, diarrhea, panting, excessive thirst and urination, hyperactivity, abnormal heart rhythm, tremors, seizures and death.
Fiona: lighting up, the fading late-afternoon
 ALCOHOL: (beverages or food) can cause vomiting, diarrhea, decreased coordination, central nervous system depression, respiratory difficulty, heart arrhythmia, tremors, abnormal blood acidity, coma, and death.
MACADAMIA NUTS, WALNUTS: (commonly in cookies or candy; and common baking ingredient). •Symptoms: vomiting, tremors, hindquarter weakness/paralysis, depression, and hyperthermia.Treatment is induced vomiting, activated charcoal, and administration of intravenous fluids– so veterinary assistance is necessary.
 YEAST DOUGH: can rise and cause gas to accumulate in the dog’s digestive system; this can be painful and can cause the stomach or intestines to rupture.
 MILK: causes diarrhea and digestive upset because dogs do not possess significant amounts of lactase (the enzyme that breaks down lactose in milk).
Hooch: sand speeder
[17 ]SALT: Large amounts can produce excessive thirst and urination, or even sodium ion poisoning.Dogs shouldnever be allowed to consume snack foods such as potato chips, crackers, dips or condiments, etc. •Symptoms:vomiting, diarrhea, depression, tremors, elevated body temperature, seizures and death.
COCOA BEAN MULCH: contains theobromine (a bitter alkaloid) with the same effects as caffeine.Cocoa shells are a byproduct of chocolate production; the mulch degrades into an organic fertilizer, and attracts dogs because of its sweet odor and taste. •Symptoms:vomiting, rapid and irregular heart rate, hyperactivity, muscle tremors, neurological disturbances and seizures, and death. Veterinary intervention is necessary, as treatment involves intravenous fluids and hydration, since the dehydrated dog will not be able to drink during this ordeal.
Bonkey: stalking his carefully fixed prey... a playmate!
PET INSECTICIDES: commonly, misuse or concentrated residue (especially for small breeds and puppies) after application of topical flea and tick products containing organophosphates (esters of phosphoric acid: used as solvents, plasticizers, and "extreme pressure" additives for lubricants) and carbamates (urethanes used to make varnish: may be listed as carbaryl), which can cause central nervous system damage.
Other pets in the home: Additionally, when choosing insect control products, it is important to consider your dog's "brothers or sisters":toxic to cats in the home: products containingAmitraz, Fenoxycarb, Permethrin, Propoxur, Tetrachlorvinphos (TCVP). Safer Alternatives: Lufenuron, Nitenpyram, Pyriproxyfen, S-Methoprene, Spinosad. N.B.: dog products should NEVER be used on cats; (see: products by brand name listing).
Going herbal or “Natural”? Be aware that not all essential oils used to treat pet for pests are entirely safe: dogs may be allergic to herbal or natural products containing citrus, cinnamon, clove, d-limonene, geranium, tea tree, lavender, linalool, bay, or eucalyptus; flea or tick products containing pennyroyal oil can cause seizures, coma, even death. Safer alternatives: products that contain cedarwood, lemongrass, peppermint, rosemary and thyme.
Murdoch: the leading man
 AVOCADO: leaves, fruit, seeds and bark of which contain persin (a fungicidal toxin), especially the Guatemalan origin. •Symptoms: vomiting and diarrhea if consumed in excess.Some dog foods add a small amount which should not be problematic.
GRAPEFRUIT/ CITRUS FRUITS: Toxicity from the essential oils contained within the skin and pit, and the presence of psoralens (furanocoumarins produced by plants as a defense mechanism). •Symptoms: vomiting, rash (particularly in the groin), drooling, trembling and cerebellar ataxia (incoordination, weakness, tremors), diarrhea, and even photo/light –sensitivity (indicating severe toxicity).
 FERTILIZER: Organophosphates(esters of phosphoric acid: used as solvents, plasticizers, and "extreme pressure" additives for lubricants) can cause muscle weakness, tremors and seizures.There are also reports of an increase in risk for lymphoma (cancer) in dogs exposed to a lawn treatment chemical referred to as 2,4-D.
 FLUORIDE: chronic fluoride (a by-product”of the agrichemical-fertilizer industry) exposure (from drinking water) has been linked to thyroid disease and bone cancer; use quality spring water (not distilled water).Avoid pet foods that contain “bone meal,” “meat meal” and “chicken by-product meal” which may include too much round bone ground up from the “deboning” process (see: Dr. Michael M. Fox)
Colby: first-light explorer
MARIJUANA (Cannabis sativa):ingestion can depress the central nervous system, and induce dangerous in-coordination. •Symptoms: also vomiting, diarrhea, drooling, arrythmia and increased heart rate, seizures and coma.
LEAD: chewing or consuming old paint or furniture, construction dust (scrupulous precautions are needed when planning home rehabilitation or renovations), old flooring (linoleum), fishing weights, antique toys, mechanicals, objet d'art, etc.; also: contemporary imported toys. •Symptoms: vomiting, diarrhea, anemia (depression in red blood cell production). A veterinarian will admin-ister a medication to purge lead from your dog's body.
 TOMATOES: can cause pupil dilation, heart arrhythmias and tremors from the atropine in fruit, leaves and stems; alsosolaine glycosides (bitter poisonous crystalline alkaloid sugar compounds;see, potatoes, #30 below).
 ACETAMINOPHEN (Tylenol®, Percoset®, aspirin-free Excedrin®; and generic brands: look for “Compare to…” on the label; ALSO many sinus, cold and flu medications that are positioned as "asprin-free"): causes liver and kidney damage.Causes hemolysis (destruction of red blood cells), formation of “heinz bodies,” (defects in red blood cells that cause them to be removed from circulation sooner than normal, depressing the immune system).
Lily P'nut: a delicate, tiptoed amble
 IBUPROFEN (Advil®, Motrin®; and generic brands: look for “Compare to…” on the label): all toxic at very low doses; causing kidney failure and liver damage, initial toxicity is bleeding stomach ulcers, leading to anemia/suceptibilty to secondary infections; if untreated, can be fatal.Belongs to a class of drugs known as NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-infamatory) pain relievers. •Symptoms: suppressed appetite, vomiting, vomiting blood, abdominal pain, dehydration, weakness, lethargy, black tarry stools.Veterinary treatment is necessary: there is no home care for ibuprofin toxicity, theraputics involve hospitalization with continuous administration of intravenous fluids.
 NAPROXEN (Aleve®; and generic brands: look for “Compare to…” on the label): all toxic at very low doses; causing kidney and liver damage, and bleeding stomach ulcers, which lead to anemia (and subsequent suceptibility to infection).Belongs to a class of drugs known as NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-infamatory) pain relievers. •Symptoms: suppressed appetite, vomiting, vomiting blood, abdominal pain, dehydration, weakness, lethargy, black tarry stools.As treatment involves hospitalization with continuous administration of intravenous fluids, veterinary assistance is necessary: there is no home care for naproxen toxicity.
 MOTHBALLS: that contain the chemicals naphthalene (vomiting, diarrhea, anemia, weakness and collapse); or paradichlorobenzene (muscle un-coordination and weakness, seizures, liver damage). •Symptoms: vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, in-coordination/staggering, tremors or twitching).
 POTATOES:(which may be green; or the sprouts which occur when unused), contain solaine glycosides (bitter poisonous crystalline alkaloid sugar compounds); also in tomatoes. •Symptoms: abdominal pain, vomiting, bloody diarrhea, overstimulation of nervous system, depression, trembling and seizures, paralysis and cardiac arrest.
 FRUIT SEEDS and PIPS:apple seeds, pits from cherries, pears, peaches, apricots; contain cyanide (see, #9 above). The stems, leaves and seeds of these fruits contain cyanogenic glycosides, at high doses, cause gastrointestinal effects, weakness in coordination and breathing, ultimately leading to shock, coma, and death. The toxic ingredients are contained in the center of the seeds: keep your dog from chewing or crushing the seeds with their teeth. The danger level is difficult to predict, since the level of toxicity can depend on growing conditions: trees matured in a less stressful growing environment produce fruit with higher levels of toxicity.
Mona: vivid focus
 HOUSE PLANTS:(Click for Full List) •Sago Palm (Cycas Revoluta): all parts poisonous, with the seeds or “nuts” the most toxic— ingesting only 1 or 2 can result in vomiting, diarrhea, depression, seizures and liver failure. •Cyclamen: contain cyclamine, (highest concentration in the root); producing significant gastrointestinal irritation, including intense vomiting, (can progress to potentially fatal dehydration). •Kalanchoe: (components of) can produce gastrointestinal irritation; also toxic to the heart, resulting in cardiac arrhythmia. •Amaryllis: (common garden/potted plants popular around Easter), contain toxins that can cause vomiting, depression, diarrhea, abdominal pain, hyper-salivation, anorexia and tremors. • English Ivy (Hedra Helix): (many varieties, a common “home center” hanging or potted plant), contains triterpenoid saponins (resins and oils, such as those used to make turpentine) that can result in vomiting, abdominal pain, hypersalivation and diarrhea. •Schefflera (and brassai actinophylla): contain calcium oxalate crystals that causing oral irritation, drooling, vomiting, difficulty in swallowing and intense burning and irritation of the mouth, lips and tongue. •Asparagus Fern:vomiting, respiratory problems, kidney failure, tremours, abdominal pain. •Colocasia(Elephant’s Ear): mouth irritation, gastroenteritis, asphyxiation, tremours, seizures, death. •Diffenbachia (“Dumb Cane”): mouth irritation, stomach upset, asphyxiation, tremours, seizures, death. •Umbrella Plant:vomiting, respiratory difficulty, kidney failure, tremours, abdominal pain.
Most guardians may forget these names: leave the plastic "stakes" from the supply-house in the pots,
so that you can identify the plant later!
Syd: a burst of sunshine and light
 LANDSCAPE PLANTS: (Click for full list) •Tulip/Narcissus bulbs: bulb portions contain toxins that can cause intense gastrointestinal irritation, drooling, loss of appetite, depressed central nervous system, convulsions and cardiac abnormalities. •Azalea/Rhododendron:contain grayantoxins (poison from nectars); azalea poisoning can lead to coma and death from cardiovascular collapse.Also vomiting, drooling, diarrhea, muscle weakness and depressed central nervous system. •Day Lilies: contain colchicine; effects are similar to arsenic poisoning: causing chemical burns in mouth, diarrhea, bloody vomit, bone marrow suppression, shock, and kidney failure; rapid decrease in blood volume (hypovolemic shock) from vascular damage and fluid loss due to bleeding through the GI tract can result in death.
Scupper: eluding a friendly pursuer
•Oleander(Nerium Oleander): all parts toxic, containing cardiac glycosides (organic sugar compounds); causing gastrointestinal tract irritation, abnormal heart function, hypothermia, coma, and death. •American Holly (Ilex opaca): AKA: English Holly, European Holly, Oregon Holly, Inkberry, Winterberry; contains saposins, causing vomiting, diarrhea, and depression. •Andromodea Japonica (Pieris japonica ): AKA Pieris, Lily-of-the-Valley Bush; contains grayanotoxins, ingestion of only a few leaves can cause vomiting, diarrhea, depression, cardiovascular collapse, hypersalivation, weakness, coma, low blood pressure, cardiovascular collapse and death. •Burning Bush (Euonymus Atropurpurea): contains alkaloids and cardenolides; causes vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, muscle weakness, heart arrhythmia. •Castor Bean (Ricinus Communis): contain the highly toxic protein ricin; producing severe abdominal pain, drooling, vomiting, diarrhea, excessive thirst, weakness and appetite loss. Severe poisoning results in: dehydration, muscle spasms or tremors, seizures, coma and death. •Yew (Taxus Baccata): AKA Western/English Yew, Pacific Yew, Japanese Yew, Anglo-Japanese Yew; contains taxine A and B (taxol), volatile oil (in the berries); causing injurious central nervous system effects (tremors, in-coordination, seizures, and difficulty breathing); significant gastrointestinal irritation/vomiting and acute cardiac failure, resulting in death. •Autumn Crocus (Colchicum Autumale): ingestion can result in oral irritation, bloody vomiting, diarrhea, shock, multi-organ damage and myelotoxicity (bone marrow suppression).
•Daisies and Chrysanthemum (Compositae): contain pyrethrins (used in insecticides) that cause gastrointestinal upset, (drooling, vomiting and diarrhea); skin rashes; also depression and loss of muscle coordination. •Daffodils (Daffodil ssp): AKA Narcissus, Jonquil, Paper White; contains lycorine and other alkaloids; causes vomiting, hyper-salvation, diarrhea; large ingestions can lead to convulsions, low blood pressure, tremors and cardiac arrhythmias; (bulbs are most toxic). •English Yew/ Peace Lily (Spathiphyllum):AKAMauna Loa Peace Lily; contains calcium oxalate crystals; causing oral irritation, drooling, vomiting, difficulty in swallowing and intense burning and irritation of the mouth, lips and tongue. •Foxglove (Digitalis Purpurea): contains cardiac glycosides; causes cardiac arrhythmias, vomiting, diarrhea, weakness, cardiac failure, death. •Pothos (Scindapus/ Epipremnum): belongs to the Araceae family; if chewed or ingested, this popular household plant can cause significant mechanical irritation and swelling of the oral tissues and other parts of the gastrointestinal tract.
Preparation: keep the plastic stake/tag from the nursery supply-house—affix it to an unobtrusive part of the plant (or draw up a simple landscape plan of your yard/garden)—so that you can identify the plant later!
Marcus: entering the fray...
 FLUORIDE: From fluoridated tap water, or processed dog food. Bottled water products may contain fluoride, depending on the source of the water: it may be naturally present in the original source of the water, or, the bottled water may in fact be from a municipal source (tap water) which may be fluoridated pursuant to a local public health mandate. There is no requirement for bottled water to be labeled for fluoride content, unless it is added by the manufacturer.
A 2014 research study (Lancet: Neurobehavioural Effects of Developmental Toxicity) classified fluoride as a dangerous neurotoxin. Chronic exposure to fluoride may encourage developing skeletal fluorosis, a painful, debilitating and irreversible disease caused by a buildup of fluoride in the bones. It may often remain misdiagnosed, even in later stages of the disease, as the symptoms mimic those of other ailments. The cumulative effect of fluoride exposure may also be dismissed as normal aging or mistaken for arthritis symptoms, particularly early state stiffness and joint pain: X-rays can only detect advanced stage of the disease. Advanced stages of the disease can also be misdiagnosed as conditions such as spondylosis or renal osteodystrophy (abnormal bone growth resulting from kidney disease). The lack of variety when the same food is fed to the dog over long periods contributes to the proclivity to develop the disease.
Iodine can help detoxify fluoride accumulation: some experts suggest adding kelp to the dog’s diet (¼ tsp per 10 lbs of body weight per day). Look for assurance that the kelp is tested for purity. Because their waters are less polluted, kelp sourced from Nova Scotia, Iceland and New Zealand is generally considered superior. Also suggested: “superfood” chlorella, known for its ability to bind toxins (build up to 1 gram of daily for small dogs and up to 3 grams for larger dogs). Other herbs known to detoxify fluoride include turmeric, cayenne, parsley and cilantro; sprinkled on the dog’s food (some dogs may not tolerate the spiciness of cayenne well).
Norm: who's just arrived?
To ask “What can I learn from you?” is to open the door to a world of possiblility in which our dogs can serve as our teachers. This is a participatory universe, and this simple question declares our willingness to participate in a specific way. In order to hear what you dog might have to say, you have to take the first critical step of accepting that he has something of value to communicate to you. Until we have opened ourselves to an acceptance of the spiritual being in canine form, we may block up our soul’s ears. If our assumptions about dogs do not include the possibility that these are voices that might carry important messages for our lives, then we not be able to hear them. Not because they are speaking in mysterious ways beyond our comprehension, but because we have blocked ourselves to the possibility that there is something to be heard.
When we ask “What can I learn from you?” we can suddenly hear and see in new ways. What was once unintelligible or meaningless becomes fraught with potential. A new world of communicating with our dogs unfolds before us. You see more than you ever did before, and the dog responds in ways you did not expect were possible, ways you did not anticipate, or even ways you had hoped for but could never elicit before this. You come to wonder what has brought about this change: perhaps, the dog has sensed this change in you and responded by offering more? Has the dog changed or… has he always been the same?
Both are true. The dogs are exactly as they have been all along, just as waterfalls roar whether we stand at the cliff’s edge or not. We are not who we have been all along, which means that in the context of the dog’s relationship with us, the dog is also, in a new place. One simple question shifts the spirit of what materializes between us and the dog. We find ourselves living the truth of the Arapaho saying, “When we show our respect for other living things, they respond with respect for us.” A shift in our focus, a renewed investment of our life energy—our attention—creates new realities.
Luke: pitching in
In opening to the possibility that more may exist, we have primed ourselves to a greater receptivity to what has always been before us. It is as if we were comic figures, stooges groping in the dark and claiming that we cannot see— only to realize that we had our eyes closed. When our eyes are open, new options spring to existence, and from that moment, our relationships with our dogs take on new dimensions and greater depth. This is not a painless or certain process. Exploration is often tiring and confusing,
and not without price.
We are held accountable for what we know, nothing more.
But with each increase in understanding, awareness
and knowledge comes an increase in responsibility.
Weary, we may long for the old, familiar way
that did not require so much of us, and we may forget
that it was some lack, some unease within us that prompted us to crack open the door of possibility and let in this light from this new world. Slowly with stumbles and wrong turns, we begin to find our way and more easily shoulder the responsibility. —Suzanne Clothier: Bones Would Rain From the Sky
You can brighten the long, lonely day of a needy dog:consider volunteering at a shelter. Your used but servicable linens, towels, bathmats, or cushions can provide comfort while he waits. Need help affording veterinary care? click HERE • Find low-cost spay neuter services: click HERE
Food & Safety Recalls/FDA Advisories for Dog Foods: click HERE
To think about: American taxpayers spend more than $1 billion annually to fund municipal animal shelters.
In those facilities, 14,000 animals are killed each day, often brutally: even in archaic gas chambers...
many within merely hours of their arrival: why are they called shelters?